CMS has published the 2016 Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) Experience Report. The report summaries the reporting experience of eligible professionals and group practices, including historical trending data from 2007 to 2016 covering eligibility, participation, incentives, adjustment and more. The data is broken down both by specialty and by state.
Analysis and Payment
Note: 2016 was the last program year for PQRS. PQRS transitioned to the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) under the Quality Payment Program. The final data submission timeframe for reporting 2016 PQRS quality data to avoid the 2018 PQRS downward payment adjustment was January through March 2017. The first MIPS performance period was January through December 2017. For more information, please visit the Quality Payment Program website.
Each year, Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) individual eligible professionals (EPs) and PQRS group practices receive feedback reports on whether they satisfactorily reported and if they are subject to the future downward payment adjustment. Note that program participation during a calendar year will affect payments after two years (i.e., 2016 program participation affects 2018 payments). Incentive payments for PQRS were only authorized through program year 2014; feedback reports for program years 2007-2014 indicated incentive eligibility, and 2013-2016 feedback reports indicated payment adjustment.
Enterprise Identity Management System (EIDM)
PQRS participants and their staff will need an Enterprise Identity Management System (EIDM) account. EIDM is accessible from the ‘PQRS Portal’ portion of the CMS Enterprise Portal at https://portal.cms.gov. The EIDM system provides a way for business partners to apply for, obtain approval for, and receive a single user ID for accessing multiple CMS applications, including feedback reports.
- EIDM User Guides and Resources
- EIDM Quick Reference Guides are available on the Physician and Other Health Care Professionals Quality Reporting Portal.
- For additional assistance regarding EIDM, contact the QualityNet Help Desk at 1-866-288-8912 (TTY 1-877-715-6222) from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time Monday through Friday, or via email at [email protected].
Each individual eligible EP and group practice who participated in the PQRS received a 2016 PQRS feedback report. CMS provided confidential PQRS feedback reports in the fall of 2017, following the end of the PQRS reporting period. These reports were based on the quality measures information reported by individual EPs or PQRS group practice reporting option (GPRO) participants that submitted a denominator-eligible claim for Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) services furnished during the reporting period. The PQRS feedback reports for individual EPs, identified by National Provider Identifier/Taxpayer Identification Number (NPI/TIN) combination, contain reporting and performance information at the individual (NPI)-level and aggregated at the TIN level. The 2016 PQRS feedback reports for PQRS group practices contained reporting and performance information at the TIN level.
It takes six to eight months to receive PQRS feedback reports from the time of submission. The PQRS feedback reports are dependent on the time it takes to process and analyze the data. We are aware of provider concerns regarding timing, therefore the following background information may help you understand the process and why there is a delay in receiving PQRS feedback reports:
- PQRS is dependent on claims data. For claims-based reporting, we use an entire year of claims information with a run-out period of two months, which is required by the Tax Relief and Health Care Act (TRHCA) of 2006.
- Claims data is stored in the National Claims History (NCH), but there is a delay before it reaches the PQRS system for analysis.
- We also use electronic health record (EHR), registry, qualified clinical data registry (QCDR) and group practice reporting option (GPRO) data which is submitted to us during the first quarter of the following year.
- Several weeks are needed to validate and analyze the data (claims, EHR, registry, QCDR, and GPRO) in various mechanisms to find the most favorable outcome for you.
Payment adjustments are calculated and PQRS feedback reports are generated and available in the fall.
The following documents have been added to assist individual EPs and PQRS group practices with accessing and interpreting 2016 PQRS feedback reports.
- Quick Reference Guide for Accessing 2016 PQRS Feedback Reports – This Quick Reference Guide illustrates how to access and generate the 2016 PQRS feedback reports.
- Quick Access Guide for the 2016 PQRS Feedback Reports – This Quick Access Guide is a condensed version of the above resource.
- 2016 PQRS Feedback Report User Guide – This User Guide assists individual EPs and PQRS group practices with understanding and interpreting the 2016 PQRS feedback reports.
- 2016 Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS): Resources for the 2016 PQRS Feedback Reports – This document provides helpful resources for 2016 PQRS participants who would like to access and understand their PQRS feedback reports and determine whether or not the 2018 PQRS downward payment adjustment will be applied
Please Note: Due to the transition of the PQRS program to the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) under the Quality Payment Program, the following resources will no longer be available on the “Communication Support Page” section of the Portal as of July 2018:
- The NPI Level Report Request link will be disabled.
- The PQRS Informal Review link will be disabled
- The VM Informal Review link will be disabled
- The EHR Reconsiderations link will be disabled
- With no active links under it, the “Communication Support Page” will also be disabled.
In addition to those changes, the Feedback Report Viewer will be removed from the QualityNet Secure Portal. Providersstill in need of a TIN or NPI report may contact the QualityNet Help Desk, Monday – Friday; 7:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m. Central Time (CT).
Individual EPs, designated support staff/vendors, and group practices that believe they have been incorrectly assessed the 2018 PQRS downward payment adjustment may request to have an informal review of their PQRS reporting performance. An informal review may be requested if the feedback report reveals that the individual EP or PQRS group practice disagrees with the analysis of satisfactory reporting to avoid a future payment adjustment
Please note that the informal review decision will be final, and there will be no further review.
2016 Reporting Experience, Including Trends (2007-2016), Physician Quality Reporting System
The following “2016 Reporting Experience, Including Trends (2007-2016), Physician Quality Reporting System” documents are available:
- 2016 Reporting Experience, Including Trends (2007-2016), Physician Quality Reporting System – summarizes the historical reporting experience of EPs and group practices in PQRS through program year 2016.
- 2016 Appendix – provides tables and explains data and methods for the report.
2016 PQRS Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) Process for Claims and Registry-Based Reporting of Individual Measures
The following document pertaining to the 2016 PQRS Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) process for claims-based reporting of individual measures is available:
- 2016 PQRS Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) Process for Claims-Based Reporting of Individual Measures – provides guidance for individual EPs who satisfactorily submit quality-data codes for fewer than 9 PQRS measures or for fewer than 3 National Quality Strategy (NQS) domains, and describes how the MAV process will determine whether they should have submitted quality data codes (QDCs) for additional measures. This also includes the process flow depicting the MAV process.
The following document pertaining to the 2016 PQRS Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) process for registry-based reporting of individual measures is available:
- 2016 PQRS Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) Process for Registry-Based Reporting of Individual Measures – provides guidance for those individual EPs or group practices who satisfactorily submit measures via a qualified registry for fewer than 9 PQRS measures or for fewer than 3 NQS domains, and how the MAV process will determine whether they should have submitted additional measures. This also includes the process flow depicting the MAV process.
Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) Web-based Training Course and YouTube Video
The 2016 Measure-Applicability Validation (MAV) Web-based, self-paced training course is designed for individual EPs reporting measures via claims or an individual EP or group practice reporting via a registry vendor. The course presents a high-level overview of the MAV process and how it will apply for 2016 PQRS reporting purposes.
The course includes the following four modules:
Module 1: MAV Overview
Module 2: Knowing When MAV Applies
Module 3: MAV Analysis Process
Module 4: MAV Scenarios
The course also provides real-world MAV scenarios, in addition to providing helpful information on how to avoid the 2018 PQRS payment adjustment. A certificate of completion is available at the end of the course.
Downward Payment Adjustments Authorized Through 2018
Individual EPs who satisfactorily reported quality-measures data for services furnished during a PQRS reporting period avoid a future payment adjustment. The downward payment adjustment is equal to a percentage of the individual EP’s or PQRS group practice’s estimated total allowed charges for covered MPFS services provided during the payment adjustment period.
- 2013 PQRS – downward 1.5% of PFS in 2015
- 2014 PQRS – downward 2.0% of PFS in 2016
- 2015 PQRS – downward 2.0% of PFS in 2017
- 2016 PQRS – downward 2.0% of PFS in 2018